A CIESE Collaborative Project

# Teacher Guide: Lesson Plans: Curriculum Standards

U.S. Curriculum Standards

• National Standards
• State and Local Standards

• CONTENT STANDARD A
As a result of activities in grades 5-8, all students should develop:
• Abilities necessary to do scientific inquiry
• CONTENT STANDARD D
As a result of activities in grades 5-8, all students should develop:
• An understanding of Earth in the solar system.
• CONTENT STANDARD E
As a result of activities in grades 5-8, all students should develop:
• An understandings about science and technology.
• CONTENT STANDARD F
As a result of activities in grades 5-8, all students should develop:
• An understanding of science and technology in society.
• CONTENT STANDARD G
As a result of activities in grades 5-8, all students should develop:
• An understanding of the nature of science.

• PROBLEM SOLVING
• Pursuing open-ended problems and extended problem solving projects
• Investigating and formulating questions from problem situations
• Representing situations verbally, numerically, graphically, geometrically, or symbolically
• COMMUNICATION
• Discussing, writing, reading, and listening to mathematical ideas
• REASONING
• Reasoning with proportions
• Reasoning from graph
• CONNECTIONS
• Connecting mathematics to other subjects and to the world outside the classroom
• Connecting topics within mathematics
• Applying mathematics
• NUMBER/OPERATIONS/COMPUTATION
• Using estimation both in solving problems and in checking the reasonableness of results
• PATTERNS AND FUNCTIONS
• Identifying and using functional relationships
• Developing and using tables, graphs, and rules to describe situations
• Interpreting among different mathematical representations
• STATISTICS
• Using statistical methods to describe, analyze, evaluate, and make decisions
• PROBABILITY
• Creating experimental and theoretical models of situations involving probabilities

 3.3 All Students Will Write In Clear, Concise, Organized Language That Varies In Content And Form For Different Audiences And Purposes. 3.4 All Students Will Read Various Materials And Texts With Comprehension And Critical Analysis 3.5 All Students Will View, Understand, And Use Nontextual Visual Information. 4.1 All Students Will Develop the Ability to Pose and Solve Mathematical Problems in Mathematics, Other Disciplines, and Everyday Experiences 4.2 All Students Will Communicate Mathematically through Written, Oral, Symbolic, and Visual Forms of Expression. 4.3 All Students Will Connect Mathematics to Other Learning by Understanding the Interrelationships of Mathematical Ideas and the Roles that Mathematics and Mathematical Modeling Play in Other Disciplines and in Life 4.4 All Students Will Develop Reasoning Ability and Will Become Self-Reliant, Independent Mathematical Thinkers 4.9 All Students Will Develop an Understanding of and Will Use Measurement to Describe and Analyze Phenomena. 4.11 All Students Will Develop an Understanding of Patterns, Relationships, and Functions and Will Use Them to Represent and Explain Real-World Phenomena. 5.2 All Students Will Develop Problem-Solving, Decision-Making and Inquiry Skills, Reflected by Formulating Usable Questions and Hypotheses, Planning Experiments, Conducting Systematic Observations, Interpreting and Analyzing Data, Drawing Conclusions, and Communicating Results 5.4 All Students Will Develop an Understanding of Technology as an Application of Scientific Principles. 5.5 All Students Will Integrate Mathematics as a Tool for Problem Solving in Science, and as a Means of Expressing and/or Modeling Scientific Theories 5.11 All students Will Gain an Understanding of the Origin, Evolution, and Structure of the Universe. 6.9 All Students Will Acquire Geographical Understanding By Studying the World in Spatial Terms

• Mathematics, Science, and Technology Standards - http://www.nysatl.nysed.gov/mathstand.html
• Standard 1: Analysis, Inquiry, and Design
Students will use mathematical analysis, scientific inquiry, and engineering design, as appropriate, to pose questions, seek answers, and develop solutions.
• Standard 2: Information Systems
Students will access, generate, process, and transfer information using appropriate technologies.
• Standard 3: Mathematics
Students will understand mathematics and become mathematically confident by communicating and reasoning mathematically, by applying mathematics in real-world settings, and by solving problems through the integrated study of number systems, geometry, algebra, data analysis, probability, and trigonometry.
• Standard 4: Science
Students will understand and apply scientific concepts, principles, and theories pertaining to the physical setting and living environment and recognize the historical development of ideas in science.
• Standard 6: Interconnectedness: Common Themes
Students will understand the relationships and common themes that connect mathematics, science, and technology and apply the themes to these and other areas of learning
• Standard 7: Interdisciplinary Problem Solving
Students will apply the knowledge and thinking skills of mathematics, science, and technology to address real-life problems and make informed decisions.
• Social Studies - http://www.nysatl.nysed.gov/ssstand.html
• Standard 3: Geography
Students will use a variety of intellectual skills to demonstrate their understanding of the geography of the interdependent world in which we livelocal, national, and globalincluding the distribution of people, places, and environments over the Earths surface.
• English Language Arts - http://www.nysatl.nysed.gov/engstand.html
• Standard 4: Language for Social Interaction
Students will listen, speak, read, and write for social interaction. Students will use oral and written language that follows the accepted conventions of the English language for effective social communication with a wide variety of people. As readers and listeners, they will use the social communications of others to enrich their understanding of people and their views.

Select instruments to make observations and/or organize observations of an event, object, or organism.

• Select instruments to make observations and/or organize observations of an event, object, or organism.
• Evaluate conclusions based on scientific data.
• Organize data, identify patterns and trends.
• Draw conclusions and/or recognize a conceptual model based on a given set of data.
• Select a device and report data in appropriate units for a specific measurement.
• Make inferences about the causes of variation in experimental results.
• Apply laws, conceptual and mathematical models, and theories to explain and predict the interactions of components in systems.
• Analyze data to identify patterns and trends and draw appropriate conclusions.
• Identify needed information to solve a problem.
• Explain or illustrate why a solution is correct.
• Make or use table to record and sort information (in a problem solving setting using simple and complex patterns in nature, art, or poetry as setting) and make identifications, comparisons, and predictions from tables, picture graphs, bar graphs, and labeled picture maps
• Identify needed and given information in a problem situation, as well as irrelevant information.
• Validate and/or generalize solutions and problem solving strategies.
• Collect data, create a table, picture graph, bar graph, circle graph, or line graph, and use them to solve application problems.
• Read, interpret, and use tables, charts, maps, and graphs to identify patterns, note trends, and draw conclusions.
• Read the scale on a measurement device to the nearest mark and make interpolations where appropriate.
• Organize data into tables, charts, and graphs.
• Read, interpret, and use tables and graphs to identify patterns, note trends, draw conclusions, and make predictions.

• The student measures quantities in the real world and uses the measures to solve problems.
• The student compares, contrasts, and converts within systems of measurement (both standard/nonstandard and metric/customary).
• The student estimates measurements in real world problem situations.
• The student selects and uses appropriate units and instruments for measurement to achieve the degree of precision and accuracy required in real world situations.
• The student describes, analyzes, and generalizes a wide variety of patterns, relations, and functions.
• The student uses expressions, equations, inequalities, graphs, and formulas to represent and interpret situations.
• The student understands and uses the tools of data analysis for managing information.
• The student understands that all matter has observable, measurable properties.
• The student uses the scientific processes and habits of mind to solve problems.
• The student understands that science, technology, and society are interwoven and interdependent.

1SC-E1: Identify a question, formulate a hypothesis, control and manipulate variables, devise experiments, predict outcomes, compare and analyze results, and defend conclusions.
1SC-E3: Organize and present data gathered form their own experiences, using appropriate mathematical analyses and graphical representations.
1SC-E4: Identify and refine questions from previous investigations.
1SC-E6: Analyze scientific reports from magazines, television or other media.
2SC-E2: Describe how science and technology are interrelated.
2SC-E3: Provide different explanations for a phenomenon; defend and refute the explanations.
2SC-E4: Identify characteristics of scientific ways of thinking.
6SC-E1: Describe and model the motion of earth in relation to the sun, including the concepts of day, night, season and year.
6SC-E8: Describe and model large scale and local weather systems.
6SC-E10: Explain how technology has impacted both earth and space science.

8.SI: Demonstrates abilities to do scientific inquiry.
8.SI.2: Demonstrates an understanding about the nature of science and scientific inquiry.
8.SI3: Develops and uses scientific attitudes and habits of mind.
8.SI4: Participates in laboratory experiences/hands-on learning by appropriately using instruments and materials of science.
8.T2: Demonstrates an understanding about science and technology.
8.P1: Demonstrates an understanding of the science and technology that they encounter in their daily lives.
8.P2: Demonstrates ability to utilize knowledge about science and technology in making personal decisions.
8.SM.ES.SES: Structure of The Earth System.
8.SM.PS.MF: Motions and Forces.