Curriculum Standards

National Science Standards | National Math Standards |
NETS Standards
NJ | NY | OH | FL | AZ | Phoenix | MD (Howard County)

### National Science Education Standards

• Science Content Standards: K-4
• Content Standard A: As a result of activities in grades K-4, all students should develop:
• Abilities necessary to do scientific inquiry
• Content Standard D: As a result of their activities in grades K-4, all students should develop an understanding of:
• Properties of earth materials
• Objects in the sky
• Changes in earth and sky

• Science Content Standards: 5-8
• Content Standard A: As a result of activities in grades 5-8, all students should develop:
• Abilities necessary to do scientific inquiry
• Content Standard D: As a result of their activities in grades 5-8, all students should develop an understanding of:
• Structure of the earth system
• Content Standard F: As a result of activities in grades 5-8, all students should develop understanding of:
• Natural hazards

### NCTM Curriculum and Evaluation Standards for School Mathematics

• Curriculum Standards for K-4
• Standard 6: Number Sense and Numeration
• construct number meanings through real-world experiences and the use of physical materials;
• understand our numeration system by relating counting, grouping, and place-value concepts;
• develop number sense;
• interpret the multiple uses of numbers encountered in the real world.
• Standard 10: Measurement
• understand the attributes of length, capacity, weight, mass, area, volume, time, temperature, and angle;
• develop the process of measuring and concepts related to units of measurement;
• make and use estimates of measurement
• make and use measurements in problem and everyday situations.
• Standard 11: Statistics and Probability
• collect, organize, and describe data;
• construct, read, and interpret displays of data;
• formulate and solve problems that involve collecting and analyzing data;
• explore concepts of chance.
• Standard 13: Patterns and Relationships
• recognize, describe, extend, and create a wide variety of patterns;
• represent and describe mathematical relationships;
• explore the use of variables and open sentences to express relationships.
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• Curriculum Standards for 5-8
• Standard 4: Mathematical Connections
• explore problems and describe results using graphical, numerical, physical, algebraic, and verbal mathematical models or representations;
• apply mathematical thinking and modeling to solve problems that arise in other disciplines, such as art, music, psychology, science, and business;
• value the role of mathematics in our culture and society.
• Standard 8: Patterns and Functions
• describe, extend, analyze, and create a wide variety of patterns;
• describe and represent relationships with tables, graphs, and rules;
• analyze functional relationships to explain how a change in one quantity results in a change in another;
• use patterns and functions to represent and solve problems.
• Standard 10: Statistics
• systematically collect, organize, and describe data;
• construct, read, and interpret tables, charts, and graphs;
• make inferences and convincing arguments that are based on data analysis;
• evaluate arguments that are based on data analysis;
• develop an appreciation for statistical methods as powerful means for decision making.
• Standard 13: Measurement
• extend their understanding of the process of measurement;
• estimate, make, and use measurements to describe and compare phenomena;
• select appropriate units and tools to measure to the degree of accuracy required in a particular situation;
• understand the structure and use of systems of measurement.

### National Educational Technology Standards (NETS)

• Standard 4: Technology Communication Tools
• Students use telecommunications to collaborate, publish, and interact with peers, experts, and other audiences.
• Standard 5: Technology Research Tools
• Students use technology to locate, evaluate, and collect information from a variety of sources.
• Students use technology tools to process data and report results.
• Standard 6: Technology Problem-solving and Decision-making Tools
• Students use technology resources for solving problems and making informed decisions.
• Students employ technology in the development of strategies for solving problems in the real world.

### New Jersey Core Curriculum Content Standards

• Mathematics Standards
• 4.1: All Students Will Develop the Ability to Pose and Solve Mathematical Problems in Mathematics, Other Disciplines, and Everyday Experiences
• 4.2: All Students Will Communicate Mathematically through Written, Oral, Symbolic, and Visual Forms of Expression.
• 4.3: All Students Will Connect Mathematics to Other Learning by Understanding the Interrelationships of Mathematical Ideas and the Roles that Mathematics and Mathematical Modeling Play in Other Disciplines and in Life
• 4.4: All Students Will Develop Reasoning Ability and Will Become Self-Reliant, Independent Mathematical Thinkers.
• 4.5: All Students Will Regularly and Routinely Use Calculators, Computers, Manipulatives, and Other Mathematical Tools to Enhance Mathematical Thinking, Understanding, And Power.
• 4.9: All Students Will Develop an Understanding of and Will Use Measurement to Describe and Analyze Phenomena.
• 4.11: All Students Will Develop An Understanding Of Patterns, Relationships, And Functions And Will Use Them To Represent And Explain Real-World Phenomena.

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• Science Standards
• 5.2: All Students Will Develop Problem-Solving, Decision-Making and Inquiry Skills, Reflected by Formulating Usable Questions and Hypotheses, Planning Experiments, Conducting Systematic Observations, Interpreting and Analyzing Data, Drawing Conclusions, and Communicating Results.
• 5.5: All Students Will Integrate Mathematics as a Tool for Problem-Solving in Science, and as a Means of Expressing and/or Modeling Scientific Theories.
• 5.10: All Students Will Gain An Understanding Of The Structure, Dynamics, And Geophysical Systems Of The Earth.

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• Cross Content Standards
• Standard 2: All students will use technology, information and other tools.
• Standard Standard 3: All students will use critical thinking, decision-making, and problem-solving skills.

### New York State Learning Standards

• Standard 1: Students will use mathematical analysis, scientific inquiry, and engineering design, as appropriate, to pose questions, seek answers, and develop solutions.
• Standard 2: Students will access, generate, process, and transfer information using appropriate technologies.
• Standard 3: Students will understand mathematics and become mathematically confident by communicating and reasoning mathematically, by applying mathematics in real-world settings, and by solving problems through the integrated study of number systems, geometry, algebra, data analysis, probability, and trigonometry.
• Standard 4: Students will understand and apply scientific concepts, principles, and theories pertaining to the physical setting and living environment.
• Standard 6: Students will understand the relationships and common themes that connect mathematics, science, and technology and apply the themes to these and other areas of learning.
• Standard 7: Students will apply the knowledge and thinking skills of mathematics, science, and technology to address real-life problems and make informed decisions.

### Ohio Proficiency Outcomes

• Fourth Grade Proficiency Tests: Mathematics Learning Outcomes
1. Illustrate the approximate size of units of length, capacity, and weight
2. Make or use table to record and sort information

• Fourth Grade Proficiency Tests: Science Learning Outcomes
1. Select instruments to make observations
2. Analyze a series of events and/or simple daily or seasonal cycles
3. Identify and/or discuss the selection of resources and tools used for exploring scientific phenomena.
4. Make prediction about the weather from observed conditions and weather maps.

5.
• Sixth Grade Proficiency Tests: Mathematics Learning Outcomes
1. Collect data, create a table, picture graph, bar graph, circle graph, or line graph, and use them to solve application problems.
2. Read, interpret, and use tables, charts, maps, and graphs to identify patterns, note trends, and draw conclusions.

3.
• Sixth Grade Proficiency Tests: Science Learning Outcomes
1. Make inferences from observations of phenomena and/or events.
2. Evaluate conclusions based on scientific data.
3. Identify simple patterns in physical phenomena.
4. Describe simple cycles of the earth and moon.

### Florida Sunshine State Standards

• Number Sense, Concepts, and Operations
• Standard 1: The student understands the different ways numbers are represented and used in the real world.
• Measurement
• Standard 1: The student measures quantities in the real world and uses the measures to solve problems.
• Standard 3: The student estimates measurements in real-world problem situations.
• Data Analysis and Probability
• Standard 1: The student understands and uses the tools of data analysis for managing information.
• Standard 2: The student identifies patterns and makes predictions from an orderly display of data using concepts of probability and statistics.

• The Nature of Matter
• Standard 1: The student understands that all matter has observable, measurable properties.
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• Processes that Shape the Earth
• Standard 1: The student recognizes that processes in the lithosphere, atmosphere, hydrosphere, and biosphere interact to shape the Earth.
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• The Nature of Science
• Standard 1: The student uses the scientific processes and habits of mind to solve problems.
• Standard 2: The student understands that most natural events occur in comprehensible, consistent patterns.
• Standard 3: The student understands that science, technology, and society are interwoven and interdependent.

### Arizona Science Standards and Performance Objectives

• Mathematics Standards: Grades 1-3 and 4-8
• Standard 2: Data Analysis And Probability
• 2M-F1.Collect and analyze data using the concepts of largest, smallest, most often, least often and middle
• 2M-F2.Construct, read and interpret displays of data to make valid decisions, inferences and predictions
• 2M-F3.Predict and measure the likelihood of events and recognize that the results of an experiment may not match predicted outcomes
• 2M-E1.Construct, read, analyze and interpret tables, charts, graphs and data plots
• 2M-E2.Make valid inferences, predictions and arguments based on statistical analysis
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• Standard 3: Patterns, Algebra And Functions
• 3M-F1.Create, describe and extend a variety of patterns using shapes, events, designs and numbers
• 3M-F2.Formulate generalizations about patterns (e.g., color, shape, size, direction, orientation) to make predictions
• 3M-F3.Represent and describe how changing the value of one variable results in a change in another
• 3M-E2.Describe, represent and analyze patterns and relationships using shapes, tables, graphs, data plots, verbal rules and standard algebraic notation
• 3M-E4.Analyze functional relationships to explain how a change in one variable results in a change in another
• 3M-E5.Use patterns and functions to represent and solve problems both formally and informally
• Standard 5: Measurement And Discrete Mathematics
• 5M-F1.Demonstrate that a single object has different attributes that can be measured in different ways
• 5M-F2.Explain the concepts related to units of measure and demonstrate the process of measurement with non-standard
• 5M-E1.Estimate, make and use measurements
• 5M-E2.Select and use appropriate units and tools to measure to the degree of accuracy required in a particular problem-solving situation

• Science Standards: Grades 1-3 and 4-8
• Standard 1: Science As Inquiry
• 1SC-R4. State simple hypotheses about cause-and-effect relationships in the environment
• 1SC-R5. Perform simple measurements and comparisons
• 1SC-R6. Communicate observations and comparisons through various means such as pictographs, pictures, models and words
• 1SC-F1. Plan, design, conduct and report on the conclusions of basic experiments
• 1SC-F3. Identify and record changes and patterns of changes in a familiar system
• 1SC-E1. Identify a question, formulate a hypothesis, control and manipulate variables, devise experiments, predict outcomes, compare and analyze results, and defend conclusions
• 1SC-E3. Organize and present data gathered from their own experiences, using appropriate mathematical analyses and graphical representations
• Standard 2: History and Nature of Science
• 2SC-F3. Understand that science involves asking and answering questions and comparing the results to what is already known
• 2SC-E3. Provide different explanations for a phenomenon; defend and refute the explanations
• 2SC-E5. Explain how scientific theory, hypothesis generation and experimentation are interrelated
• 2SC-E6. Demonstrate how Science is an ongoing process of gathering and evaluating information, assessing evidence for and against theories and hypotheses, looking for patterns, and then devising and testing possible explanations.
• Standard 6: Earth And Space Science
• 6SC-R3. Identify how the weather affects daily activities
• 6SC-F3. Identify the seasons and their characteristics
• 6SC-F5. Identify major features of natural processes and forces that shape the earth’s surface, including weathering and  volcanic activity
• 6SC-F6. Describe natural events and how humans are affected by them
• 6SC-F7. Measure and record changes in weather conditions
• 6SC-E8. Describe and model large-scale and local weather systems

Maryland Science Content Standards

• 1.0 Skills and Processes:
• Scientific Inquiry 1.8.3, 1.8.7
• Critical Thinking 1.8.15
• Applications of Science 1.8.23
• 2.0 Earth/Space Sciences:
• Interactions of Hydrosphere and Atmosphere 2.8.12, 2.8.14

Howard County, MD - Grade 6

• Earth/Space Science
• Unit I: Goal 2.