Curriculum Standards
National Science Standards
 National Math Standards 
NETS Standards
NJ  NY  OH
 FL  AZ 
Phoenix
 MD (Howard County)

Science Content Standards: K4
 Content Standard A: As a result of activities in grades K4,
all students should develop:
 Abilities necessary to do scientific inquiry
 Understanding about scientific inquiry
 Content Standard D: As a result of their activities in grades
K4, all students should develop an understanding of:
 Properties of earth materials
 Objects in the sky
 Changes in earth and sky

Science Content Standards: 58
 Content Standard A: As a result of activities in grades 58,
all students should develop:
 Abilities necessary to do scientific inquiry
 Understandings about scientific inquiry
 Content Standard D: As a result of their activities in grades
58, all students should develop an understanding of:
 Structure of the earth system
 Content Standard F: As a result of activities in grades 58,
all students should develop understanding of:

Curriculum Standards for K4
 Standard 6: Number Sense and Numeration
 construct number meanings through realworld experiences
and the use of physical materials;
 understand our numeration system by relating counting, grouping,
and placevalue concepts;
 develop number sense;
 interpret the multiple uses of numbers encountered in the
real world.
 Standard 10: Measurement
 understand the attributes of length, capacity, weight, mass,
area, volume, time, temperature, and angle;
 develop the process of measuring and concepts related to
units of measurement;
 make and use estimates of measurement
 make and use measurements in problem and everyday situations.
 Standard 11: Statistics and Probability
 collect, organize, and describe data;
 construct, read, and interpret displays of data;
 formulate and solve problems that involve collecting and
analyzing data;
 explore concepts of chance.
 Standard 13: Patterns and Relationships
 recognize, describe, extend, and create a wide variety of
patterns;
 represent and describe mathematical relationships;
 explore the use of variables and open sentences to express
relationships.

Curriculum Standards for 58
 Standard 4: Mathematical Connections
 explore problems and describe results using graphical, numerical,
physical, algebraic, and verbal mathematical models or representations;
 apply mathematical thinking and modeling to solve problems
that arise in other disciplines, such as art, music, psychology,
science, and business;
 value the role of mathematics in our culture and society.
 Standard 8: Patterns and Functions
 describe, extend, analyze, and create a wide variety of
patterns;
 describe and represent relationships with tables, graphs,
and rules;
 analyze functional relationships to explain how a change
in one quantity results in a change in another;
 use patterns and functions to represent and solve
problems.
 Standard 10: Statistics
 systematically collect, organize, and describe data;
 construct, read, and interpret tables, charts, and graphs;
 make inferences and convincing arguments that are based
on data analysis;
 evaluate arguments that are based on data analysis;
 develop an appreciation for statistical methods as powerful
means for decision making.
 Standard 13: Measurement
 extend their understanding of the process of measurement;
 estimate, make, and use measurements to describe and compare
phenomena;
 select appropriate units and tools to measure to the degree
of accuracy required in a particular situation;
 understand the structure and use of systems of measurement.
 Standard 4: Technology Communication Tools
 Students use telecommunications to collaborate, publish,
and interact with peers, experts, and other audiences.
 Standard 5: Technology Research Tools
 Students use technology to locate, evaluate, and collect
information from a variety of sources.
 Students use technology tools to process data and report
results.
 Standard 6: Technology Problemsolving and Decisionmaking
Tools
 Students use technology resources for solving problems and
making informed decisions.
 Students employ technology in the development of strategies
for solving problems in the real world.

Mathematics Standards
 4.1: All Students Will Develop the Ability to Pose and Solve
Mathematical Problems in Mathematics, Other Disciplines, and Everyday
Experiences
 4.2: All Students Will Communicate Mathematically through
Written, Oral, Symbolic, and Visual Forms of Expression.
 4.3: All Students Will Connect Mathematics to Other Learning
by Understanding the Interrelationships of Mathematical Ideas
and the Roles that Mathematics and Mathematical Modeling Play
in Other Disciplines and in Life
 4.4: All Students Will Develop Reasoning Ability and Will
Become SelfReliant, Independent Mathematical Thinkers.
 4.5: All Students Will Regularly and Routinely Use Calculators,
Computers, Manipulatives, and Other Mathematical Tools to Enhance
Mathematical Thinking, Understanding, And Power.
 4.9: All Students Will Develop an Understanding of and Will
Use Measurement to Describe and Analyze Phenomena.
 4.11: All Students Will Develop An Understanding Of Patterns,
Relationships, And Functions And Will Use Them To Represent And
Explain RealWorld Phenomena.

Science Standards
 5.2: All Students Will Develop ProblemSolving, DecisionMaking
and Inquiry Skills, Reflected by Formulating Usable Questions
and Hypotheses, Planning Experiments, Conducting Systematic Observations,
Interpreting and Analyzing Data, Drawing Conclusions, and Communicating
Results.
 5.5: All Students Will Integrate Mathematics as a Tool for
ProblemSolving in Science, and as a Means of Expressing and/or
Modeling Scientific Theories.
 5.10: All Students Will Gain An Understanding Of The Structure,
Dynamics, And Geophysical Systems Of The Earth.

Cross Content Standards
 Standard 2: All students will use technology, information
and other tools.
 Standard Standard 3: All students will use critical thinking,
decisionmaking, and problemsolving skills.
 Standard 1: Students will use mathematical analysis, scientific
inquiry, and engineering design, as appropriate, to pose questions,
seek answers, and develop solutions.
 Standard 2: Students will access, generate, process, and transfer
information using appropriate technologies.
 Standard 3: Students will understand mathematics and become
mathematically confident by communicating and reasoning mathematically,
by applying mathematics in realworld settings, and by solving
problems through the integrated study of number systems, geometry,
algebra, data analysis, probability, and trigonometry.
 Standard 4: Students will understand and apply scientific
concepts, principles, and theories pertaining to the physical
setting and living environment.
 Standard 6: Students will understand the relationships and
common themes that connect mathematics, science, and technology
and apply the themes to these and other areas of learning.
 Standard 7: Students will apply the knowledge and thinking
skills of mathematics, science, and technology to address reallife
problems and make informed decisions.

Fourth Grade Proficiency Tests: Mathematics Learning Outcomes
 Illustrate the approximate size of units of length, capacity,
and weight
 Make or use table to record and sort information

Fourth Grade Proficiency Tests: Science Learning Outcomes
 Select instruments to make observations
 Analyze a series of events and/or simple daily or seasonal
cycles
 Identify and/or discuss the selection of resources and
tools used for exploring scientific phenomena.
 Make prediction about the weather from observed conditions
and weather maps.

Sixth Grade Proficiency Tests: Mathematics Learning Outcomes
 Collect data, create a table, picture graph, bar graph,
circle graph, or line graph, and use them to solve application
problems.
 Read, interpret, and use tables, charts, maps, and graphs
to identify patterns, note trends, and draw conclusions.

Sixth Grade Proficiency Tests: Science Learning Outcomes
 Make inferences from observations of phenomena and/or events.
 Evaluate conclusions based on scientific data.
 Identify simple patterns in physical phenomena.
 Describe simple cycles of the earth and moon.
Florida
Sunshine State Standards

Mathematics Benchmarks (Grades 35)
 Number Sense, Concepts, and Operations
 Standard 1: The student understands the different ways numbers
are represented and used in the real world.
 Measurement
 Standard 1: The student measures quantities in the real
world and uses the measures to solve problems.
 Standard 3: The student estimates measurements in realworld
problem situations.
 Data Analysis and Probability
 Standard 1: The student understands and uses the tools of
data analysis for managing information.
 Standard 2: The student identifies patterns and makes predictions
from an orderly display of data using concepts of probability
and statistics.

Science Benchmarks (Grades 35)

The Nature of Matter
 Standard 1: The student understands that all matter has
observable, measurable properties.

Processes that Shape the Earth
 Standard 1: The student recognizes that processes in the
lithosphere, atmosphere, hydrosphere, and biosphere interact
to shape the Earth.
 The Nature of Science
 Standard 1: The student uses the scientific processes and
habits of mind to solve problems.
 Standard 2: The student understands that most natural events
occur in comprehensible, consistent patterns.
 Standard 3: The student understands that science, technology,
and society are interwoven and interdependent.

Mathematics Standards: Grades 13 and 48
 Standard 2: Data Analysis And Probability
 2MF1.Collect and analyze data using the concepts of largest,
smallest, most often, least often and middle
 2MF2.Construct, read and interpret displays of data to
make valid decisions, inferences and predictions
 2MF3.Predict and measure the likelihood of events and recognize
that the results of an experiment may not match predicted outcomes
 2ME1.Construct, read, analyze and interpret tables, charts,
graphs and data plots
 2ME2.Make valid inferences, predictions and arguments based
on statistical analysis
 Standard 3: Patterns, Algebra And Functions
 3MF1.Create, describe and extend a variety of patterns
using shapes, events, designs and numbers
 3MF2.Formulate generalizations about patterns (e.g., color,
shape, size, direction, orientation) to make predictions
 3MF3.Represent and describe how changing the value of one
variable results in a change in another
 3ME2.Describe, represent and analyze patterns and relationships
using shapes, tables, graphs, data plots, verbal rules and standard
algebraic notation
 3ME4.Analyze functional relationships to explain how a
change in one variable results in a change in another
 3ME5.Use patterns and functions to represent and solve
problems both formally and informally
 Standard 5: Measurement And Discrete Mathematics
 5MF1.Demonstrate that a single object has different attributes
that can be measured in different ways
 5MF2.Explain the concepts related to units of measure and
demonstrate the process of measurement with nonstandard
 5ME1.Estimate, make and use measurements
 5ME2.Select and use appropriate units and tools to measure
to the degree of accuracy required in a particular problemsolving
situation

Science Standards: Grades 13 and 48
 Standard 1: Science As Inquiry
 1SCR2. Ask questions about the natural world
 1SCR4. State simple hypotheses about causeandeffect relationships
in the environment
 1SCR5. Perform simple measurements and comparisons
 1SCR6. Communicate observations and comparisons through
various means such as pictographs, pictures, models and words
 1SCF1. Plan, design, conduct and report on the conclusions
of basic experiments
 1SCF3. Identify and record changes and patterns of changes
in a familiar system
 1SCE1. Identify a question, formulate a hypothesis, control
and manipulate variables, devise experiments, predict outcomes,
compare and analyze results, and defend conclusions
 1SCE3. Organize and present data gathered from their own
experiences, using appropriate mathematical analyses and graphical
representations
 Standard 2: History and Nature of Science
 2SCF3. Understand that science involves asking and answering
questions and comparing the results to what is already known
 2SCE3. Provide different explanations for a phenomenon;
defend and refute the explanations
 2SCE5. Explain how scientific theory, hypothesis generation
and experimentation are interrelated
 2SCE6. Demonstrate how Science is an ongoing process of
gathering and evaluating information, assessing evidence for
and against theories and hypotheses, looking for patterns, and
then devising and testing possible explanations.
 Standard 6: Earth And Space Science
 6SCR3. Identify how the weather affects daily activities
 6SCF3. Identify the seasons and their characteristics
 6SCF5. Identify major features of natural processes and
forces that shape the earth’s surface, including weathering
and volcanic activity
 6SCF6. Describe natural events and how humans are affected
by them
 6SCF7. Measure and record changes in weather conditions
 6SCE8. Describe and model largescale and local weather
systems
Maryland Science Content Standards
 1.0 Skills and Processes:
 Scientific Inquiry 1.8.3, 1.8.7
 Critical Thinking 1.8.15
 Applications of Science 1.8.23
 2.0 Earth/Space Sciences:
 Interactions of Hydrosphere and Atmosphere 2.8.12, 2.8.14
Howard County, MD  Grade 6
Phoenix Urban Systemic Initiative K12
Unitary Science Curriculum (Under Construction)
