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Federal Regulatory Requirements to Consider in the Siting of New Municipal Solid Waste Landfills

  1. Landfill must be at least 10,000 feet away from an airport that use jet engines and 5,000 from an airport that uses only piston type planes.

  2. Landfills must not obstruct the flow of floodwaters from their natural flows, water storage or temporary water storage areas.  Locate the limits of regulatory flood plains.

  3. Landfill must not be built in wetlands.

  4. Landfill cannot be located within 100 feet of a pond, lake or river.

  5. Landfills must be at least 1,200 feet from any water supply well.  Locate all private and public water supply wells within 2000 feet of the limits of solid waste placement areas.  Also locate the limits of all aquifers declared by the Federal government under the Safe Drinking Water Act.

  6. Landfills must be at least 1,000 feet away from highway (state or Federal) unless trees or shrubs are used as screening.

  7. Landfill cannot be built within 1,000 feet of a public park unless some kind of screening is used.  Locate national, state, local parks, or recreation areas including any candidate or potential areas that could be included in the national park system or state system.  Locate state nature preserves, state wildlife areas, national and state scenic rivers, any national wildlife areas, national  wildlife refuge areas, special interest areas, research wildlife areas, outstanding national resource waters, and exceptional cold water habitats.

  8. Landfill cannot be built within habitats that contain endangered species.

  9. Landfills cannot be constructed within 200 feet of a fault line if a movement has occurred in the last 10,000 years.  Locate faults that have been displaced at any time in history of the area.

  10. Landfills built in unstable areas (sinkholes, mined areas, landslides etc.).

  11. The following criteria are most desirable for a landfill siting.

    1. Land slope < 3%

    2. Surface soil = Silty

    3. Sub-surface deposits = Clay

    4. Bedrock depth > 25'

    5. Ground water depth > 25'

Researched and Prepared by Students in 2005